For how long and in what cases is sick leave given for hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are not at all a disease of pensioners, as many young people think due to their youth and lack of experience. Even a newborn can be affected by the disease: what can we say about adults, who, due to some bad habits, eating disorders and lack of physical activity, can provoke hemorrhoids in themselves, at the most working age.

Therefore, the question of whether sick leave is given for hemorrhoids will be relevant. This question cannot be answered unequivocally: the situation requires clarification and consideration of some nuances.

Reasons for the development of hemorrhoids

Do they give sick leave?

So, what are hemorrhoids? This is a vascular disease - venous collections in the anorectal area are deformed due to impaired blood circulation. Natural elements of the anal canal called corpora cavernosa become engorged with blood, swell, become inflamed and begin to cause serious discomfort to the person.

At the early stage of the disease, the patient does not feel alarming symptoms, and if something bothers him, it is not so much that he takes care of his health.

One “fine” day, a person notices bloody discharge from the anus: it can be insignificant, in the form of a couple of strokes on paper or on underwear. Most patients attribute the blood to damage to the rectum or a scratch to the anal canal. But when history repeats itself again, it is impossible to brush aside the anxiety.

What does a reasonable person do? He goes to a proctologist, finds out the cause of rectal bleeding and receives treatment prescriptions. If it is hemorrhoids, then, as a rule, he manages to “catch” it in the first stage, which is perfectly corrected with medications, physical activity and diet. But if the patient ignores dangerous symptoms, does not consult a doctor and simply lets the disease progress, subsequent treatment may require surgical intervention.

Hemorrhoids are a genetically determined disease. But the incidence rate is so high that every second person has heredity.

And even if your mother suffered from hemorrhoids or your father treated this disease for many years, there is no one hundred percent guarantee that you will not be able to avoid it. In order for the disease to “wake up”, provoking factors are needed. And these are: constipation and other digestive disorders, the habit of sitting on the toilet for a long time, physical inactivity, stress, anal canal injuries, pregnancy and childbirth, systematic anal sex, etc.

When is sick leave issued?

People who have hemorrhoids need to know that sick leave is not always issued for this disease. The doctor takes into account several factors before writing out the coveted piece of paper and releasing the patient from work.

  1. Course of the disease (acute or chronic).
  2. The patient’s profession and working conditions (for example, second-degree hemorrhoids in the acute stage are accompanied by pain that can interfere with the driver’s journey).
  3. Features of the prescribed treatment (if it is carried out in a hospital, then sick leave will be issued in any case).

If the attending physician believes that 15 days are enough for a course of therapy for hemorrhoids, then he himself makes the decision to issue a sick leave certificate. If a longer period is needed, then a medical commission is convened, which decides on the advisability of release for a long term.

Sick leave depending on the stage of hemorrhoids

Sick leave for hemorrhoids - how many days is a person exempt from work? 7-10 days, as already mentioned, is the most common duration of sick leave. But, if, for example, the patient underwent surgery, the recovery period with release from work will, of course, be different.

At the first stage of the disease, as a rule, sick leave is not issued. The symptoms of the initial stage are not so painful for the patient: sometimes, apart from rare bleeding, the patient does not worry about anything. There may be minor itching, burning, sensation of a foreign object in the rectum, and mild pain during bowel movements. But the inflammatory process is not yet so violent that there is a need to give sick leave. Sometimes the doctor gives a certificate of incapacity for work for a day - to relieve pain (with medication in the first stage it can be removed without problems).

In the second and third stages of the disease, sick leave is required, since the exacerbation is longer and more severe. Therefore, the patient receives a document from the doctor that releases him from work for a week. The fourth stage of the disease is always a sick leave, not only during an exacerbation. But if a patient, for example, refuses an operation indicated for him, then the doctor has the right not to give the patient sick leave. And this is logical and legitimate: the person does not agree to the surgical care he needs, therefore, he is not entitled to a certificate of incapacity for work.

Hemorrhoids - what is it?

Hemorrhoids are characterized by distension and depletion of the venous vessels of the rectum. Pathological changes lead to degeneration of muscle and connective tissue, impaired blood flow and the appearance of congestion in the pelvis. Due to the weakening of the walls, blood does not circulate through the vessels of the rectum, but fills in them. Hemorrhoidal bumps appear at the site of filling, which can cause acute complications.

Sick leave for hemorrhoids: features of receipt, timing, payment amounts

Causes of the disease

Hemorrhoids appear if:

  • the process of defecation is always difficult;
  • Intestinal problems often occur (diarrhea, constipation);
  • have extra pounds;
  • professional activity is associated with too high or too low physical stress;
  • a woman is pregnant or after the birth of a child, since childbirth provokes too much pressure from the venous veins on the rectum during pushing;
  • there is heredity.

Now people of completely different ages suffer from hemorrhoids. Unfortunately, the disease is getting younger every year.

Stages of hemorrhoids

External and internal hemorrhoids are separated. With the external manifestation of the disease, hemorrhoidal cones are located outside the anus. Internal hemorrhoids are characterized by bleeding and prolapse of lumps from the anus.

Sick leave for hemorrhoids: features of receipt, timing, payment amounts

Hemorrhoids go through four stages of development. What symptoms accompany each stage?

  1. The first stage - hemorrhoidal cones are inside and do not come out. Discomfort occurs after defecation and is characterized by burning and itching, especially after eating spicy, salty foods, alcoholic beverages, or sitting on hard surfaces for a long time.
  2. The second stage - hemorrhoidal cones come out during defecation, and after some time they come back. The process of defecation is delayed as far as possible due to fear of pain.
  3. The third stage - hemorrhoids are set back only manually, there is a risk of complications. The process of defecation always occurs with pain and bleeding.
  4. Stage four – hemorrhoids can no longer be returned to the rectum on their own. The disease is in its most severe form, there are constant problems with bowel movements, and the mucous membrane is at risk of infection. It is necessary to urgently contact a proctologist for appropriate treatment or surgical intervention.

Sick leave after hemorrhoid surgery

How long sick leave lasts when treating hemorrhoids with surgery depends on the surgical operation that is prescribed for the patient.

The duration of sick leave is affected by:

  1. What specific intervention did the patient undergo;
  2. Have there been any post-operative complications?
  3. What stage of hemorrhoids is diagnosed;
  4. How physically demanding is the patient's work?

If a person was treated using minimally invasive techniques, then the rehabilitation period can be only 2-3 days, which means that sick leave will not take more than 3-4 days.

But if the operation is more complex, for example, hemorrhoidectomy, the duration of sick leave will be completely different. Rehabilitation will take 3-4 weeks, depending on the course of the recovery period. On average, sick leave for a hospital patient ranges from 10 days to 1.5 months.

Extend the certificate of incapacity for work for 14-20 days
If circumstances related to complications after surgery are detected, a special commission may extend the certificate of incapacity for work for 14-20 days.

Do I need sick leave for hemorrhoids?

There is often a joke about such a delicate problem as hemorrhoids: “neither look at it yourself nor show it to people.” The statement is only partly true, because you will still have to see a specialist, and the sooner the better.

Hemorrhoids are a serious disease, and sick leave is required during illness. Let's try to figure out which medical worker issues sick leave and in what cases.

First, let's figure it out: “Do they give sick leave for hemorrhoids?” Yes, but the need to take sick leave depends on the stage of the disease.

Let's consider in what cases sick leave is given for hemorrhoids.

    First degree. First, unpleasant sensations appear in the anal area, such as itching, burning and pain, which intensify when visiting the toilet. Not every man runs to the doctor as soon as he gets an itch.

However, timely prescribed therapy contributes to a speedy cure. If a person is engaged in physical labor, for example, working in a warehouse, he is entitled to sick leave, which will last, on average, a week.

In the future, it would be good to change profession, because lifting weights provokes an exacerbation of the disease. Office workers can easily follow doctor's orders without being distracted from work.

Treatment involves not only the use of suppositories, ointments and other medications, but also diet, giving up bad habits, and an active lifestyle.
Second degree. The pain becomes more pronounced, and lumps appear in the anus, which can be easily pushed back.
You may also notice traces of blood on toilet paper. If the early stage of the disease often goes unnoticed, now obvious inconveniences arise.

If you start solving health problems without delay, drug treatment can still help, so you should overcome false shame and consult a doctor.

The specialist decides whether to grant sick leave after performing an examination and carefully studying the patient’s medical history and complaints. It happens that even at this stage it is difficult to do sedentary work.

In addition, you will have to undergo a series of examinations and tests, which will take some time. The decision to issue a certificate of incapacity for work is made by the attending physician.

If you receive a refusal, you can try to appeal it. To do this, you need to apply to the chief physician.

The decision to grant sick leave will be made by the medical commission.
If she doesn’t give the go-ahead, you can call your insurance company. Third and fourth degree. The nodes enlarge and fall out even with slight physical activity.
In addition, there is a danger of thrombosis and strangulation. This causes such suffering that even if you run, it’s not to the office, but to the nearest medical facility.

It is completely impossible to sit with such symptoms, only if in a figurative sense you “sit down” on sick leave. The doctor may refuse to issue a certificate of incapacity for work only to those patients who do not comply with the recommendations.

Complete rest and bed rest are prescribed, so you will have to take a break from work for a while. If conservative treatment is ineffective, surgery to excise hemorrhoids will be recommended. In this case, it will take longer to recover.

  • Detailed description of the various stages: first, second, third, fourth;
  • Features of the internal course of the disease and external manifestations;
  • A list of medications, suppositories and ointments that are used in the treatment of this disease can be found here.

There are also materials that may be of interest to you:

And you can find out about harmful and beneficial products for the male organ here.

A proctologist or coloproctologist will help you cope with this scourge . To undergo treatment under compulsory medical insurance, you can make an appointment at the reception of the clinic to which you are assigned under the policy, or on the Internet if a self-registration center operates in your region.

If there is no doctor of this specialty in the medical institution, you should contact a surgeon. You may need to first visit your local GP or GP. By telling him about your symptoms, you will receive a referral to the right specialist.

You can also resort to paid medicine. Please note that not all private medical centers have the right to issue sick leave; when choosing a clinic, clarify this issue with the administrator. In addition, in order to receive sick leave in a paid clinic, you will need to take all kinds of tests and undergo examinations.

If the pain is very severe, it is not necessary to give an enema. In this case, you should try to empty your bowels naturally several hours before your appointment.

clear generally accepted terms for treating hemorrhoids . The doctor will determine the extent of the disease, prescribe the necessary tests and decide for how long to issue sick leave.

A mild stage of exacerbation can be cured in a week. In cases where the use of ointments and tablets does not bring the desired result, the doctor may recommend surgery.

If the surgical intervention proceeds without complications, sick leave, on average, is issued for a couple of weeks. So, the patient spends 3-4 days in the hospital, another 10 days will be required for rehabilitation at home.

If hemorrhoids of the second severity have been successfully operated on, you will be able to go to work 4 days after discharge from the hospital. According to the law, the maximum period of stay in a medical institution is 5 weeks, another 10 days are allocated for home treatment .

If there are no complications, or the patient’s condition has not improved, the issue of extending the period of temporary disability will be decided by a medical commission. Every two weeks the patient will need to visit a proctologist. In some cases, a stay in a sanatorium may be recommended.

Hemorrhoids do not occur without a reason. This disease is much easier to prevent than to treat . Quit smoking, reduce alcohol consumption. Eat foods rich in fiber, avoid spicy, smoked and fatty foods.

It would be nice to love seaweed. Drink more fluids to avoid constipation, but limit your tea and coffee intake. Play sports, but don’t overwork yourself in the gym.

Try to avoid stress and emotional overload. By taking preventive measures, you will relax in a more interesting place and company than in a sanatorium with chronic hemorrhoids.


Do they give sick leave for hemorrhoids? A question that worries all people who are faced with this problem.

In the acute stage, the disease significantly worsens the quality of life, causing severe pain and discomfort. Accordingly, working capacity decreases.

Hemorrhoids are varicose veins of the rectum that lead to the formation of nodes.

Such a delicate problem makes patients hesitate to see a doctor right away. Patients with hemorrhoids come to the clinic when they can no longer endure it. But this only makes the process worse.

By wasting precious time, the disease develops, takes on new forms, moves into other stages and can be life-threatening.

Symptoms of the disease:

  • discomfort in the anus - burning, itching, irritation;
  • bleeding from the anus of varying severity;
  • prolapse of hemorrhoids;
  • rectal discharge;
  • constipation

Internal hemorrhoids can be completely asymptomatic, but this is until the nodes come out. And they will definitely come out if not treated properly.

In medicine, there are 4 stages of hemorrhoid development:

  1. The nodes are small and located inside. May be asymptomatic or with some discomfort.
  2. The nodes enlarge and bleed. They fall out of the rectum, but are able to return back on their own.
  3. The prolapsed nodes cannot be set, severe pain appears, and bleeding intensifies.
  4. The nodes are located outside, there is profuse bleeding, severe pain in the active state and at rest.

The first two stages do not greatly affect the ability to work, but bring discomfort. At the second stage, long-term conservative treatment is used. The third and fourth stages are more serious and may require surgical intervention.

The main reasons for the development of the disease:

  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • pregnancy, childbirth;
  • excess weight;
  • poor nutrition;
  • alcohol abuse and other bad habits;
  • strong physical activity;
  • constipation, diarrhea;
  • unconventional intimacy.

Untimely treatment of hemorrhoids can lead to complications such as bleeding, anemia, and node thrombosis.

Proctologists consider hemorrhoids to be a lifestyle disease that affects mainly people of working age.

To avoid negative consequences and complications of the pathology, it is very important to start treatment in a timely manner. In this case, it is necessary to completely eliminate the factors and eradicate the causes of the occurrence and development of hemorrhoids.

Each body is individual and tolerates diseases differently. A proctologist, assessing the situation, prescribes sick leave for hemorrhoids.

There are no specific lengths of stay on sick leave, since it is influenced by several factors:

  • patient status;
  • stage, form of hemorrhoids;
  • severity of symptoms;
  • presence of concomitant diseases;
  • complications;
  • the effectiveness of the treatment;
  • features of work;
  • living conditions, working hours.

Basically, sick leave is issued within 7-10 days if therapy began on time. During this time, outpatient treatment is carried out.

The patient must remain in bed, follow the doctor's instructions and prescriptions, maintain diet and hygiene.

Usually this time is enough to relieve acute clinical manifestations. But if improvement does not occur, then the patient needs inpatient treatment. In this case, sick leave will increase for the duration of your hospital stay. The time it will take for rehabilitation after discharge from the hospital is also taken into account.

If the disease often worsens due to working conditions, then the patient is recommended to change the type of activity.

Often the first stage of hemorrhoids goes unnoticed even by the patient. Minor discomfort usually goes unaddressed. Accordingly, sick leave is not issued.

The second and third stages require long-term drug treatment, frequent visits to the proctologist, and therapeutic measures. This may cause problems at work. Because it is very difficult to combine going to the doctor and work.

In addition, exacerbation of hemorrhoids brings severe pain to the patient, bed rest is recommended. Therefore, the proctologist can issue a sick leave certificate for up to 7 days.

If working conditions involve heavy physical activity and constant being in one position (sitting or standing), then the period changes upward.

The fourth stage is the most advanced. Pinching of prolapsed hemorrhoids and excessive bleeding bring severe pain. The person is unable to make even simple movements. Strict bed rest is indicated.

This stage usually requires hospitalization and surgery.

If drug treatment does not bring a positive result or the patient seeks help late, surgery is required. Outpatient treatment is changing to inpatient treatment. Sick leave is issued for a period of 10 days - this includes the period of hospitalization and the rehabilitation period.

The duration of the certificate of incapacity for work is affected by:

  • type of operation performed;
  • the presence of complications after surgery (bleeding, suppuration of sutures);
  • stages of hemorrhoids;
  • patient's working conditions.

For example, if the operation was successful using a minimally invasive method (infrared photocoagulation, doping with latex rings), then rehabilitation will take no more than 3 days.

In case of advanced hemorrhoids, hemorrhoidectomy is performed, after which rehabilitation takes about a month. At the same time, for the period of rehabilitation after surgery, a certificate of incapacity for work is issued by the clinic in which the patient is registered.

Long-term sick leave (more than 14 days) can only be issued on the basis of a decision of a special commission.

In order not to get confused by who, when and for how long sick leave is issued, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the issuance scheme:

  1. For outpatient treatment, the sheet is issued by the clinic (therapist or proctologist) for an approximate period of 7 days.
  2. If treatment does not bring results, transfer to a hospital is recommended. In this case, the sick leave certificate is extended for the entire period of hospitalization by the hospital itself (proctologist) where the patient was admitted. Duration from 10 days.
  3. After discharge from the hospital, the certificate is renewed again by the clinic or a special commission for the rehabilitation period. Terms vary from 3 days to 1 month. Under certain circumstances it may take even longer.

If a patient in serious condition was immediately admitted to the hospital and an operation was performed, then the hospital opens the sheet, and the clinic continues.

Hemorrhoids are a disease that requires long-term treatment and bed rest. The doctor issues a certificate of incapacity for work for the entire period of therapy in the acute stage of the disease, pre- and postoperative periods.

Do not forget that the result depends on timely treatment. The sooner therapy begins, the better for the patient's health.


Hemorrhoids mainly affect people of working age. Acute symptoms of inflamed hemorrhoids reduce the performance of patients. Therefore, the question of whether sick leave is given for hemorrhoids is always relevant.

We suggest finding out whether they still give sick leave for treated hemorrhoids, for how many days and in what situations.

Acute symptoms of inflamed hemorrhoids reduce the performance of patients, so the question of whether sick leave is given for hemorrhoids is always relevant.

Hemorrhoids are a disease of the distal rectum and/or anorectal area, in which the formation of venous pockets occurs due to varicose veins of the rectal choroid plexus (hemorrhoidal veins).

The basis of varicose hemorrhoidal veins is stagnation of venous blood in the pelvic vessels, which occurs due to dysfunction of arteriovenous shunts. Stagnation of blood leads to its thickening and excessive stretching of the walls of the veins, which over time bulge and become sclerotic.

There are several factors that contribute to hemorrhoids:

  • inactive lifestyle;
  • “sedentary” profession: driver, clerk, salesman, cashier, needlewoman, programmer, etc.;
  • more physical activity;
  • increased pressure in the abdominal cavity;
  • pregnancy and natural childbirth;
  • poor nutrition;
  • chronic constipation and others.

It is customary to distinguish the acute form of hemorrhoids, which is also the beginning of chronic hemorrhoids.

If we talk about the localization of hemorrhoidal formations, then there are three types of process:

With external hemorrhoids, the hemorrhoidal veins expand inside the rectal canal, and with external hemorrhoids, the saphenous veins of the anal zone expand.

There are four stages in the clinical course of hemorrhoids:

  1. First. Hemorrhoidal cones are small in size, so there is no pain during bowel movements. There may be discomfort in the anus or bleeding from the rectal canal;
  2. Second. Hemorrhoidal cones have reached significant sizes, and dystrophic changes have begun in the muscles and ligaments of the rectum. Therefore, negative factors such as hard work, constipation, pregnancy, childbirth, etc., can cause the veins to prolapse from the rectal canal to the outside. At this stage, hemorrhoidal cones are reduced independently into the rectum. In addition, the second stage is characterized by pain, itching and burning in the anus during and after bowel movements, bleeding of hemorrhoidal cones;
  3. Third. The muscles and ligaments of the rectum have already undergone dystrophic changes, so self-reduction of hemorrhoidal cones no longer occurs and patients have to push them into the rectum with their fingers. The pain is more prolonged, and any physical activity can provoke the loss of cones;
  4. Fourth. This stage is characterized by the loss of nodes, which cannot be set back either independently or through human efforts. Pain bothers the patient constantly, and bleeding is not associated with the act of defecation.

The fourth stage is characterized by the loss of nodes, which cannot be set back either independently or through human efforts.
In case of hemorrhoids, sick leave is issued for the period of exacerbation of the hemorrhoidal process, since at this time the patient not only cannot work, but is not able to simply stand and sit.

The institution that can give sick leave to patients with hemorrhoids is a hospital, and the doctor who should be contacted is a proctologist or coloproctologist.

The duration of sick leave depends on how severe the patient’s condition is and on the following factors:

  • acute or chronic course of hemorrhoids;
  • profession and nature of the patient’s work;
  • success of treatment.

On day 8, the patient can begin to perform his professional duties. In cases where work requires excessive physical effort and this type of stress can again aggravate the disease, the proctologist recommends transferring the patient to easier activities.

If the work requires excessive physical effort, the proctologist recommends transferring the patient to easier activities.

If we talk about the stages of hemorrhoids, then at the first stage they rarely issue a certificate of incapacity. Firstly, hemorrhoids are very rarely diagnosed at this stage, and secondly, pain is not expressed during this period. If necessary, the doctor may issue sick leave for a day or longer to relieve pain, and indicate that a lighter type of work is recommended to prevent the worsening of the disease.

In patients of the second and third stages, treatment for exacerbations takes longer, so sick leave is issued for 7 days.

Since treatment of the fourth stage of hemorrhoids in most cases is carried out inpatiently and requires surgical intervention, a certificate of incapacity is issued for at least 10 days.

The duration of sick leave for operating patients is affected by the following points:

  • what kind of surgical intervention was performed;
  • stage of hemorrhoids;
  • are there complications of hemorrhoids;
  • the severity of the patient's physical activity at work.

For example, a minimally invasive operation for stage 2 hemorrhoids requires 2-3 days of rehabilitation, so sick leave will be issued for 3-4 days.

It’s another matter if hemorrhoids are advanced and radical surgical treatment is required - hemorrhoidectomy. In this case, the postoperative rehabilitation period takes from 3 to 4 weeks.

As a result, we can say that sick leave for patients with hemorrhoids is issued for the duration of an exacerbation or the rehabilitation period after surgery. The duration of sick leave depends on the condition, form and stage of hemorrhoids, as well as the nature of the patient’s work.


Hemorrhoids are a very delicate problem. Most people consult a doctor if they have such a pathology already in the last stages. In severe cases of the disease, a person’s ability to work suffers: severe discomfort prevents him from working normally. Complications may also develop. Then the question arises whether doctors issue sick leave for hemorrhoids.

Doctors understand hemorrhoids as varicose veins of the rectum, leading to the formation of nodes. It is difficult to unequivocally answer the question of whether sick leave is given for hemorrhoids. It all depends on the stage and form of the pathology, the severity of its course, and the presence of complications.

Hemorrhoids often occur in people who lead a sedentary lifestyle, pregnant women and people who suffer from constipation. Dilatation of the veins of the rectum is also typical for men whose work involves lifting weights.

Hemorrhoids can be internal, external or combined. At the initial stage, the disease causes virtually no discomfort. In this case, doctors do not issue a certificate of incapacity for work. But people rarely go to the doctor on time due to embarrassment. This leads to gradual progression of the pathology.

A person experiences severe pain during bowel movements and at rest, and hemorrhoids fall out. This significantly reduces performance. Therefore, the person is given a sick leave for outpatient treatment. With advanced pathology, surgery is often required. In this case, the person is given a certificate of temporary incapacity for work.

Late stage hemorrhoids can lead to the development of the following complications:

  • anemia due to loss of large amounts of blood;
  • phlegmon;
  • rectal bleeding;
  • anal tear;
  • proctitis and paraproctitis;
  • hematuria;
  • leukocyturia;
  • pelvic gangrene;
  • anorectal thrombosis;
  • necrosis of pinched cones;
  • anal sphincter insufficiency;
  • sepsis.

In severe cases, hospitalization and resuscitation measures are carried out. A certificate of incapacity for work is issued for the duration of your stay in the hospital and for the restoration of your home. When deciding whether to issue a work exemption, the doctor takes into account the patient’s type of activity. Lifting heavy objects is contraindicated for hemorrhoids.

To obtain a sick leave certificate for hemorrhoids, you need to contact a therapist at the clinic at your place of registration. The doctor will listen to the patient’s complaints and refer you to an appointment with a proctologist.

A doctor of this specialization will examine the patient, assess the condition of the rectal veins, and identify the stage of development of the pathology. If there are all grounds, the doctor will issue a document on release from work.

It is also possible to obtain a certificate of temporary incapacity for work from a proctologist at a private clinic . But here such a document can be obtained only after passing all the necessary diagnostic procedures.

If there are severe complications of hemorrhoids, you should call an ambulance. The patient is hospitalized in a hospital. A certificate of temporary incapacity for work will be opened at this medical institution.

It is difficult to say how many days sick leave for hemorrhoids is issued. The duration of treatment is influenced by many factors. The decision on the timing of release from work is made by the doctor.

The length of time a person will be disabled depends on:

  • his condition;
  • forms, stages of hemorrhoids;
  • presence of complications;
  • the success of the selected treatment regimen;
  • human living conditions;
  • concomitant pathologies;
  • severity of symptoms;
  • the patient's work schedule.

For uncomplicated hemorrhoids, if therapy is started in a timely manner, a certificate of incapacity for work is issued to the person for 7-10 days. During this period, outpatient treatment is carried out. This time is quite enough to relieve acute symptoms and restore performance.

If there is no improvement within 7-10 days of therapy, then the patient is sent to the hospital. In the hospital, an examination is carried out and an operation is performed. Hospitalization and rehabilitation take about ten days.

The length of hospital stay depends on:

  • stages of hemorrhoids;
  • type of operation performed;
  • the success of the surgical intervention.

If the operation was performed by doping with latex rings, infrared photocoagulation, then the rehabilitation period will be short and will take no more than three days.

In advanced cases, hemorrhoidectomy is indicated. Recovery after such surgery lasts about a month.


Acute hemorrhoids spare no one! Itching, burning, bursting pain are just a small part of the symptoms that force you to go to the hospital for help. Do they give sick leave for hemorrhoids and poor health?

If you have proctological symptoms, it is better to consult a proctologist or surgeon

During the acute form of hemorrhoidal disease, the patient's quality of life drops significantly. There are acute attacks of pain, a burning sensation around the anal area, as well as itching. The level of working capacity is significantly reduced. It becomes difficult for a person to walk or sit.

During this period, you should not endure unpleasant sensations. The best solution would be to see a doctor, who will issue a certificate of temporary work ability and prescribe treatment. At the initial stage, the disease can be easily treated with conservative methods and does not require surgical removal.

After the diagnosis of “acute hemorrhoids” was made, he was given sick leave. In case of severe inflammation and enlargement of hemorrhoids, it is prescribed for a full course of treatment and rest.

Acute hemorrhoids are a serious reason for issuing a certificate of incapacity for work. The patient cannot work. He finds it difficult to just stand or sit still. The bulletin can only be issued at the medical institution where the patient is being observed. In this case, it is better to contact a proctologist. In his absence, see a surgeon.

There are no standards, as each case is individual. The doctor assesses the severity of the consequences, collects anamnesis, conducts diagnostics, and assesses the patient’s health status.

Often, sick leave is issued for a period of 5-7 days.

This time should be enough to relieve the main causes of the acute inflammatory process. It is assumed that during this time the patient will be ready for a full-time work regime.

By the 8th day, the patient should be ready to perform his professional duties. If a person is engaged in heavy work, the attending physician writes orders to reduce physical activity.

At the first stage of hemorrhoids, the doctor rarely writes out a certificate of incapacity for work. This is due to the fact that the patient does not feel pronounced pain. In addition, diagnosis at this stage is difficult. In a particular case, the doctor prescribes sick leave for one working day with an indication of lighter work activity to reduce the risk of complications.

For patients with the second or third stage of the disease, longer treatment will be prescribed for up to 14 days.

The more advanced stage 4 requires observation of the patient in a hospital setting, with the possibility of surgical intervention. In this case, a certificate of incapacity for work is issued for a period of at least 10 days, with its subsequent extension.

Surgery on a hemorrhoid is a serious operation, after which a person needs time to recover. According to the current legislation of the Russian Federation, after removal of hemorrhoids, the patient is required to issue a sick leave certificate immediately after discharge from the medical institution.

After discharge, the doctor is obliged to tell further steps for prevention and treatment.

How many days? Sick leave can be increased for up to 10 days after the patient is discharged from the medical institution. In this case, the entire non-work period is calculated from the moment the patient is treated in a hospital, plus 10 days for home treatment. A ballot may be issued for a longer period. So the attending physician can issue a document for 20 or 30 days, depending on the severity of the disease.

The necessary documentation is prepared by the attending physician after the surgical intervention and the patient has completed all the necessary examinations.

If the patient's condition does not improve, an extension of sick leave is considered. This decision is made by a medical commission. According to the law, she has the right to extend her recovery period for up to 10 months. If this decision is approved and the patient is given sick leave, he undertakes to visit a medical facility at least every two weeks. This is necessary for full monitoring of the course of the disease by the attending physician.

After undergoing a major operation, or the occurrence of complications, the patient may be given a referral for treatment in a sanatorium. In this case, the sick leave is extended. In this case, the total period should be no more than 24 calendar days.

Is it possible to cure hemorrhoids without interrupting work? In fact, there are a large number of ways to treat a dangerous disease within 24 hours. In this case, the patient will not need to change his work rhythm and daily routine. Treatment takes place without hospitalization.

An excellent solution is minimally invasive treatment. It is cost-effective because it is performed on an outpatient basis and does not require the patient to be released from work.

This type of treatment benefits everyone. And to hospitals, and employers, and the patients themselves. Medical institutions can allocate budgets more efficiently and treat more people. Employers do not lose employees on sick leave. Patients themselves earn more money without being in outpatient or inpatient treatment.


Author of the article Alexey Alexandrovich Egorov, proctologist


Duration of outpatient treatment

Surgical treatment of hemorrhoids involves resection of the formations; after such intervention, the patient needs some time for rehabilitation. According to legal norms, a person is issued a sick leave certificate immediately after discharge from a medical institution.

Extension of the sheet is allowed for 10 days after discharge. Thus, a sick leave assumes that the patient is in a hospital setting, and is also given 10 days after discharge for outpatient rehabilitation.

But when issuing the form, you must take into account the severity of the illness; sometimes the period can be extended to a month. All these nuances are taken into account by the doctor upon discharge. The sheet is issued by the proctologist after passing the required examinations.

If no improvement is observed, the restoration period is extended by a special commission. She can extend her sick leave for another 10 days. In this case, the patient with hemorrhoids is given a certificate stating that he needs to be examined and consult with the treating doctor every two weeks.

Payments are made for the entire duration of therapy in a medical institution, with an additional 10 days of outpatient stay.

If the treatment was accompanied by complications, the person is sent to a sanatorium for recovery, extending this period by 24 days.

How to recognize an exacerbation of hemorrhoids

A person whose hemorrhoidal lump is inflamed will know about it immediately.

Main features:

  • severe pain, which sometimes makes it impossible to walk and sit normally, is the main sign of exacerbation of hemorrhoids;
  • bleeding may occur, which sometimes becomes very heavy;
  • sensation of a new growth in the anal area (bump);
  • this lump can be very painful, cause a burning sensation and itching;
  • Often the pain radiates to the groin or affects the perineum.

Sometimes the sensations become simply unbearable and impossible to endure. Therefore, it is necessary to use special emergency medicines.

Considering all the symptoms that are associated with an exacerbation of the disease, there should be no question as to whether sick leave is given for hemorrhoids. This even needs to be done in order to undergo full treatment and get rid of the problem before it becomes chronic.

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